Science behind Holi, the festival of Colours

Curtsy: Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India

Holi, the festival of Colours is celebrated in different corners of India with pomp and gaiety on full moon day in the month of Phalgun which is the month of March as per the Gregorian calendar. We all are also aware of the Legend of demon King Hiranyakashyap and his son Prahlad and sister HolikaI don’t want to repeat that story. Have you ever thought that there could be any scientific reason behind the festivals we celebrate? Here, I intend to trace the science behind the festival of Holi. Let’s explore-

Holi is played in the Spring Season which is a period between end of winter and advent of summer. We normally go through the transition phase of winter and summer.  The period induces the growth of bacteria in the atmosphere as well as in the body. When Holika is burnt, temperature of the nearby area raises around 50-60 degree Celsius. Following the tradition when people perform Parikrama (go around the bonfire/pyre), the heat coming from the bonfire kills the bacteria in the body and cleanses it.

In some parts of the country, after Holika Dahan (burning of Holika) people put ash on their forehead and also mix Chandan (paste of sandal wood) with the young leaves and flowers of the Mango tree and consume. It is believed to promote good health.

This is the time, when people get the feeling of tardiness. This is quite natural for the body to experiences some tardiness because of change in weather from cold to the hot in the atmosphere. To counter this laziness, people sing Songs (Phag, Jogira etc.) with Dhol, Manjira and other traditional instruments. This helps in rejuvenating the human body. Their physical movement while

playing with colours also helps in the process.

Colours play vital role in fitness of human body. Deficiency of a particular colour could cause an ailment and can be cured when that colour element is supplemented either through diet or medicine. In ancient times, when people started playing Holi, the colours used by them were made from natural sources like turmeric, Neem, Palash (Tesu) etc. The playful pouring and throwing of colour powders made from these natural sources has a healing effect on the human body. It has the effect of strengthening the ions in the body and adds health and beauty to it.

Plant based sources of colours:

Colour Sources

Green : Mehendi and dried leaves of Gulmohur tree, leaves of spring crops and herbs, Spinach leaves, rhododendron leaves and pine needles
Yellow : Turmeric (Haldi) powder, Bael fruit, amaltas, species of chrysanthemums, and species of marigold, dandelions, sunflowers, marigolds, daffodils and dahlias, gram flour
Red  : Rose or the bark of crab apple trees, Red Sandal wood Powder, feels of Red Pomegranate, flowers of Tesu tree (Palash), fragrant red sandal wood, dried hibiscus flowers, madder tree, radish and pomegranate
Saffron : Flowers of Tesu tree (Palash), Mixing lime with turmeric powder creates an alternate source of orange powder, barberry
Blue : Indigo, Indian berries, species of grapes, blue hibiscus and jacaranda flowers
Purple : Beetroot
Brown : Dried Tea leaves, red maple trees, Katha
Black : Some species of grapes, fruit of Gooseberry (Amla)

Now a day, market is mostly flooded with synthetic colours and herbal colours are not available in adequate quantity. Synthetic Colours are also cheap and people feel we have to pour this on others and not on ourselves, hence they opt for it. But they forget one thing that everybody thinks in the same way and others also pour you with same synthetic colours. The synthetic colours available in the market comprises of toxic components such as lead oxide, diesel, chromium iodine and copper sulphate which lead to rashes on the skin, allergies, pigmentation, frizzy hair and eye irritation. In extreme cases, it can cause serious skin diseases and clogging of hair cuticles resulting in severe hair damage. So we should deliberately opt for herbal colours even if it is costly. If demand increases, the cost would naturally come down.

Problems caused by some common Synthetic colours:

Green – It might contain copper sulphate and can cause problems like eye allergy and temporary blindness.

Red – It might contain mercury sulphide, which can lead to skin cancer, mental retardation, paralysis and impaired vision.

Purple – It might contain chromium iodide leading to health problems like bronchial asthma and allergies.

Silver – It might contain aluminum bromide, which is carcinogenic.

Blue – It might contain Prussian blue, which can cause contract dermatitis.

Black – It might contain lead oxide leading to health problems like renal failure and learning disability.

So try to play holi with natural colours. I know it is practically not possible all of a sudden. In the meantime, you can minimize the side effects of synthetic colours by following some simple steps. Here are they-

Tips: Before playing Holi

  • Body: It’s also a good idea to apply a thick layer of moisturizer, petroleum jelly or coconut oil on your face and other exposed parts of the body to prevent colours from coming into direct contact with your skin.
  • Hair: Oil your hair and scalp with olive, coconut or castor oil. Add a few drops of lemon juice to prevent dandruff and infection triggered by the chemical colours.
  • Clothing: What you choose to wear should cover maximum parts of your body. Wear dark colour-full sleeves cotton clothes. Synthetic cloth would be sticky and denims would be heavy once you have a bucket full of colours/water splashed on you.
  • Lips and Eyes: Don’t wear lenses. Mostly people are interested in applying surprise colours on your face and you may get your eyes hurt by the lenses. Use a sun glass to protect your eyes from a misfire of colour filled darts or water jets. Apply a lip balm for your lips.
  • Water: Drink plenty of water before you start playing Holi. This will keep your skin hydrated. Also keep sipping water carefully while playing Holi.
  • Bhang/Alcohol: Don’t consume bhang if you are a heart patient, excessive intake may lead to heart attack/failure.

Tips: After playing Holi

  • Do not scrub the colour off with soap. Soaps contain esters that erode the skin layers and often cause rashes. Use a cream-based cleanser or you can even use oil for removing the colours, and then go for a bath. Apply a lot of moisturising cream to keep the skin hydrated.
  • If the colours are still left on your skin you can apply besan with milk/milk cream on your body for removing colours.
  • Don’t use kerosene, spirit or petrol to clean your face. Try a cream-based cleanser or baby oil.
  • Don’t use hot water, it will stick the colour on your body. Use normal water.
  • Stay away from sunlight till colour is removed.
  • Itching in eye or redness may be normal but if it continues for more than few hours immediately contact with a doctor.

Workshop on “Rass and Bhaav” By Smt. Suchitra Mitra

Story & Photos by Rakesh Shah

A workshop based on an important elements of Theatre & Dance ”Rass & Bhaav” was organized on 27th day under the 14th Winter National TheaterFestival , conducted by well-known dance guru, Mrs SuchitraMitraji.

Suchitraji is proficient in Bharatanatyam, Kathakkali, Manipuri and Assamese dance styles, and the country has given many performances abroad.

 SuchitraMitraji told that the expressions prove very helpful in expressing Navaras and that they have a natural nature, just one person should try to be an artist especially from time to time

To express the feeling within your conscience.

Photos by Rakesh Shah

She defined young actors by defining acting in a more constructive manner that the ‘Abhinaye’ word is made up of two words, in which the definition of ‘Abhi’ is to present the image of any character to the audience and ‘naye’ means Without self-assertiveness

According to Suchitraji Natya Shastra, the four types of acting are considered as sattvik, Aangik, Vaachik, and Aharyik.

Suchitraji also told that a strong actor has the identity that he is associated with the audience through imagination and hypothesis in such a way that the audience feels himself connected with that story.

On Monday, the workshop of Suchitraji will be extended under the second session, in which young artists will get some new nuances related to ”Rass & Bhaavs” .

French singing and cooking competition

Chandigarh February 18, 2019

            The Department of French & Francophone Studies, Panjab
University, Chandigarh is organizing the following competitions as per
programme given below:

French Paper Reading Contest Course wise – 20.2.2019
French Singing Competition-21.2.2019
French Cooking Competition-22.2.2019

Time:   4.00 pm onwards

Venue: Arts Block –V, Top Floor, PU

तेहरान ने पाकिस्तान को जवाबी कार्यवाई के लिए धमकाया

तेहरान: ईरान के रिवाल्यूशनरी गार्ड्स ने पाकिस्तान पर अपने सैनिकों पर हुए आत्मघाती बम हमले के षड्यंत्रकर्ताओं को समर्थन देने का आरोप लगाया है. ईरान के सरकारी टीवी पर जारी बयानों में यह बात कही गई है. बुधवार को हुए उस हमले में ईरान रिवोल्यूशनरी गार्ड्स के 27 सैनिकों की मौत हो गई गई थी. 

रिवोल्यूशनरी गार्ड्स कमांडर मेजर जनरल मोहम्मद अली जाफरी ने जिहादी समूह जैश-अल-अद्ल की ओर इशारा करते हुए कहा, पाकिस्तान सरकार जानती है कि ये जिहादी और इस्लाम के लिये खतरा बने लोग कहां है और इन्हें पाकिस्तान के सुरक्षा बलों का समर्थन हासिल है.”

उन्होंने चेतावनी दी, “अगर पाकिस्तान सरकार ने उन्हें दंडित नहीं किया तो हम इन जिहादी समूहों को मुंहतोड़ जवाब देंगे और पाकिस्तान को उनका समर्थन करने का अंजाम भुगतना होगा.” जनरल ने यह बात शुक्रवार को इ्स्फहान शहर में मारे गए सैनिकों के लिये आयोजित श्रद्धांजलि सभा के दौरान कही. शनिवार को सैनिकों का अंतिम संस्कार किया जा सकता है. 

Navjot believes Pak is not terrorist supporter, he demands talks to continue no matter what

Navjot Singh Sidhu’s comment on Pulwama terror attack–Terrorism has no religion, no nation–has created a huge outrage in Twitterverse. He is not only receiving a backlash from his opponents, but also from Twitterati who are asking fans to boycott The Kapil Sharma Show and Sony TV to kick Sidhu out of the show.

“For a handful of people, can you blame the entire nation and can you blame an individual? It (the attack) is a cowardly act and I condemn it firmly. Violence is always condemnable and those who did it must be punished,” Sidhu was quoted as saying.

The comment did not go down well with the netizens who have made #BoycottKapilSharmaShow trend on Twitter. Some are asking Sidhu to apologise for his comment, while others want the channel to expel him from the comedy show.

Shaurya Sharma@Shaurya_Leo

#NavjotSinghSidhu boycott from #KapilSharmashow @sherryontopp at least don’t humiliate India, if u can’t support. Please read what China does to Muslims in their country. We don’t want same thing but at least our pride cannot be compromised @RajatSharmaLive @ZeeNews@SonyTV205:15 PM – Feb 15, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacySee Shaurya Sharma’s other Tweets

Sachin Kumar@SachinKrIndia

With what face will that disgrace #navjotsinghsidhu now appear on Kapil Sharma show and crack jokes. No respect for the soldiers. #bycottkapilsharmashow #Pulwama #PulwamaAttack65:40 PM – Feb 15, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacySee Sachin Kumar’s other Tweets

Tanmoy Sinha@Tanmoy_always

It is not handful of people. Rather it is u who goes to Pak & do handshaking with Pak general. Day will come & u will be nowhere.
Disgusting #NavjotSinghSidhu12:58 PM – Feb 15, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacySee Tanmoy Sinha’s other Tweets

rupesh kumar@rupesh093

#boycottkapilsharmashow aaj ke bd se nhi dekhna h jab tak sardarji h27:01 PM – Feb 15, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacySee rupesh kumar’s other Tweets

RAHUL VERMA@rahul_90_14

hello @SonyTV , if you ever tried to show this person @sherryontopp navjot, we will totally boycott sony entertainment channel and @KapilSharmaK9 show too, either you off air the show or we will boycott sony tv, #boycottkapilsharmashow #boycottsidhu1686:57 PM – Feb 15, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacy150 people are talking about this

Gangesh G Pandey@gangeshpandey21

Dear @SonyTV,
If you still not remove @sherryontopp from the our beloved show #TKSS. We didn’t hesitate to boycott the show.
That’s All
We won’t want this type of people on our fav. show#NavjotSinghSidhu #boycottkapilsharmashow @KapilSharmaK9546:56 PM – Feb 15, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacy53 people are talking about this

mukul @MukulAgarwal66 · 8h

Dear @SonyTV , if siddhu still remains on your show, will ve boycotting your channel by unsubscribing. Am sure others will join in. Your choice

Ashish Sharma @ash_sh

#RemoveSiddhu@SonyTV @KapilSharmaK9
If Siddhu continue with you we will #boycottkapilsharmashow #BoycottSonytv56:56 PM – Feb 15, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacySee Ashish Sharma ‘s other Tweets

Ankit Modanwal Hitman@AnkitModanwal45

कपिल शर्मा जी आप तुरन्त ही एक्शन लेते हुए अपने शो से पाकिस्तान प्रेमी नवजोत सिंह सिद्धू को निकाल दीजिए
नहीं तो हम जैसे प्रशंसक लोग आपके शो को देखना बंद कर देंगे#boycottkapilsharmashow@KapilSharmaK9 @SonyTV26:44 PM – Feb 15, 2019 · Uttar Pradesh, IndiaTwitter Ads info and privacySee Ankit Modanwal Hitman’s other Tweets

Bhaiyyaji@bhaiyyajispeaks · 4h

Dear @SonyTV & @KapilSharmaK9 either remove @sherryontopp from your show or we shall pledge not to choose the Sony Package as per new TRAI rules. How dare can someone continuously speak in the favour of a nation which is responsible for many other attacks like Pulwama.

Manjit sharma Mj@manjitsharma12

#सिद्धु_माफ़ी_माँगो #boycottkapilsharmashow #PulwamaAttack27:00 PM – Feb 15, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacySee Manjit sharma Mj’s other Tweets

40 CRPF jawans were martyred when an explosive-laden SUV rammed into one of the buses out of a 70-vehicle CRPF convoy in Jammu and Kashmir’s Pulwama district on Thursday (February 14).

Eetired Major General GD Bakshi also attacked Sidhu for what he deemed an “inappropriate comment” and said Sidhu has not faced what the CRPF has, what men in uniform routinely do in conflict areas.

Sidhu had courted controversy earlier for visiting Pakistan for Imran Khan’s oath-taking ceremony and his controversial hug with Pakistan Army General Qamar Javed Bajwa.

Subject: Action against motor vehicles plying on cycle tracks.

                  Chandigarh Traffic Police is regularly conducting special drives against motor vehicles plying on cycle tracks in U.T. Chandigarh.

                In order to take strict action against the motor vehicles plying on cycle track all the traffic police officials have been sensitized and equipped to enforce section 202 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 as per which persons who commit the offence punishable under section 184 MV Act, 1988 (driving dangerously) in their presence are arrested without warrant and their vehicles are impounded.  Further, all such cases are submitted to the concerned Court with the request for institution of prosecution case against violators as per provisions of M.V. Act, 1988.

                On 13.2.2019, 07 such cases have been booked under section 202 read with Section 184 M.V. Act, 1988 for the violation of plying motor vehicles on cycle track at dividing road, Sector 44/45, Chandigarh. 

                This drive was started in the month of October, 2018 and till date, 436 such cases under section 202 read with Section 184 M.V. Act, 1988 have been booked for the said violation.

                As per Section 184 of Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, offender of such offence shall be punishable for the first offence with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees.                  Chandigarh Traffic Police appeals to the general public not to ply their motor vehicles on cycle track. Strict action shall be continued to be taken against such violations in the future.       

” उन लोगो के साथ रहिए जो आप कि अभिलाषा को सतरंगे आसमान में उड़ने भेज दें “

फोटो और ख़बर : राकेश शाह

” उन लोगो के साथ रहिए जो आप कि अभिलाषा को सतरंगे आसमान में उड़ने भेज दें ” ,

रोत्रैक्ट क्लब हिमालयन , चंडीगढ़ आयोजित करते है एक प्रभावशाली सम्मेलन ।

इस सम्मेलन का विषय है

” Lesson on Possible Steps Towards Impossible Dreams ” जिससे नेतृव करहे है हमारे  अंतर्राष्ट्रीय  वक्ता और कॉरपोरेट कोआच , श्री साहिल सहारे  और हमारे उभरते सॉफ्ट स्किल्स ट्रेनर , श्री अर्चित गुप्ता।

इस आयोजित कार्यक्रम की कार्यपुस्तिका सभी जनो में वितरित की गई है ।

‘सा रे गा मा’ के विजेता रिंकू कालिया के गीतों ने बांधा समां

पंचकूला, 3 फरवरी ( ): जी टीवी के रियालिटी शो ‘सा रे गा मा’ के विजेता मशहूर गायक रिंकू कालिया ने हरियाणा सरकार द्वारा आयोजित लाइव कॉन्सर्ट में अपने परफॉर्मेंस से लोगों पर जादू सा कर दिया। इस लाइव कॉन्सर्ट का आयोजन हरियाणा सरकार के सांस्कृतिक विभाग के सहयोग से सरकारी कालेज पंचकूला में किया था।लाइव शो की शुरुआत में गायक रिंकू  कालिया ने ‘ये नहीं थी मेरी किस्मत’ जैसे गालिब के क्लासिक से सभी मौजूद श्रोताओं का दिल अपने पहले ही परफॉर्मेंस से जीत लिया।

इसके बाद उन्होंने, ‘आज जाने की जिद न करो’, ‘दिल-ए-नादान’, ‘ये कागज की कश्ती’, ‘प्यार का पहला खत’ जैसे गानों से श्रोताओं को कुर्सी से बांध सा दिया।लाइव कॉन्सर्ट के दौरान रिंकू कालिया ने अपनी सुरीली आवाज से ‘रंजिश ही सही’, ‘आज जाने की जि़द’ और ‘कल चौदहवीं की रात थी’ जैसी गजलों के बाद लोकगीत’ ‘टप्पे’, ‘सुन चरखे दी’ और ‘दमा दम मस्त कलंदर’ पर भी बेहतरीन समां बांधा। इस आयोजन के गेस्ट ऑफ ऑनर थे और हरियाणा पुलिस के ए.डी.जी.पी. आर.सी. मिश्रा। 

एक घंटे की क्लास नहीं बल्कि 23 घंटे का रियाज़ काम आता है: प्रोफ॰ अरविंद शर्मा

फोटो और कवरेज राकेश शाह

संगीत के महत्व और उसकी अलग अलग विधाओं के बारे में बताया. संगीतमय परिवार में जन्मे, उनके पिताजी ने लाहौर 1901 में गंधर्व महाविद्यालय की स्थापना की और बहुत से दिग्गज़ों को संगीत के गुर सिखाए . विभाजन तक उनके पिताजी वहीं रहे.

संगीत को नाद ब्रह्म मानने वाले अरविंद जी ने वर्तमान दौर के संगीत के बाज़ारीकरण और बिना रागों पर बनाये जा रहे संगीत पर चिन्ता जताई. संगीत तीसरी पीढ़ी तक पहुंच गया है और खुद के दोनों पुत्र भी संगीत भी है .

वर्तमान सेंगीत शिक्षा पर बोलते हुए कहा कि संगीत कालांतर के साथ dilute होता जा रहा है जिसका उद्देश्य केवल डिग्री पाना ही हो गया है. एक ही तरह का संगीत सुनाई दे रहा है.

संगीत की पढ़ाई को पढ़ाई नहीं माना जाता. ज्यादा मेहनत के कारण शास्त्रीय संगीत को कम दर्शकों का साथ मिलता है जिसका कारण हम सब भी है.

रागों पर बोलते हुए कहा कि संगीत लोक परंपरा से दूर होते जा रहे है . हमारे पुराने गाने राग पर आधारित होते थे. पुराने गाने इसलिए चलते थे क्योंकि वे परंपरा से जुड़े होते थे. हम उन्हें भूल कर बिना सोचे समझे ग्लोबलाइज़ेशन की ओर जा रहे है जिससे हम अपनी संस्कृति से दूर होती का रहे है.

भरत के नाट्यशास्त्र की अहमियत बताते हुए कहा कि हमारे पास ऐसे अनमोल ग्रंथ भारत में ही मौजूद है. हमारा देश का संगीत मैलोडी पर आधारित है पर पाश्चात्य संगीत हार्मोनी पर.  बिना सोचे समझे नकल करने के कारण पारंपरिक संगीत प्रभावित हो रहा है.

लोगों में संयम व धैर्य की कमी और चैनलों की भेड चाल ने मौजूदा संगीत को प्रभावित किया है. विद्या को दान के रूप में ग्रहण किया जाता था लेकिन अब बाज़ारीकरण हो गया है. साथ ही टोकने वाले ज़हीन लोग भी कम हो रहे है.

सुर की पीड़ को तीर की पीड़ से बड़ा बताते हुए कहा कि संगीत में भाव, स्वर और राग का समन्वय आवश्यक है तभी यादगार संगीत बनता है. युवाओं से आवाहन किया कि इस परंपरा को वही बचा सकती है.

फ्यूज़न को ऐतिहासिक परंपरा बताते हुए कहा कि सबका स्वागत करना हिंदुस्तान की परंपरा रही है.

हर गीत के पीछे भाव होता है और उस भाव के लिए खुद की समझ को बढ़ाना और भावनाओं से ओत प्रोत होना भी आवश्यक है.मौके पर उन्होंने अलग अलग रागों को गाकर उनपर आधारित गानों का भी विवरण दिया.

संगीत सीखा रहे गुरुओं से गुज़ारिश की अपने प्रोफेशन के प्रति ईमानदार रहे और पूरे अनुशासन और बिना पक्षपात किये अपने छात्रों को पढ़ाये फिर चाहें उसे डाँटना ही क्यों न पड़े. शिक्षा की असली शुरुआत कक्षा के बाहर होती है. ज़रूरी ये नहीं की एक घंटे क्लास में क्या किया पर आवश्यक यह है की बाद के 23 घंटे क्या किया.   

“Ek Tha Gadha” on 5 & 6 Feb

Chandigarh February 1, 2019
Press Conference
        The Department of Indian Theatre, Panjab University, Chandigarh is going to stage its third student production on 05-02-2019 and 06-02-2019 at 6:30 pm. in the Department. The duration of play “Ek Tha Gadha” is one hour and twenty five minutes. 
        In this regard, a press conference is being organized as per schedule below:-
Venue:        Department of Indian Theatre, PU
Date:           February 4, 2019
Time:          12.00 p.m.